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Printing Store Bodycon Dress Pencil LL Structural Syntax: Modification

Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Printing LL Pencil Bodycon Dress Store modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.


Our Size(cm) Fit US Size(cm) Fit EU Size(cm) Bust(cm) Waist(cm) Hips(cm) Length(cm)
S 6 36 79CM-31.10 Inch 69CM-27.17 Inch 83CM-32.68 Inch 93CM-36.61 Inch
M 8 38 84CM-33.07 Inch 74CM-29.13Inch 88CM-34.65Inch 95CM-37.40 Inch
L 10 40 89CM-35.04 Inch 79CM-31.10Inch 93CM-36.61Inch 97CM-38.19 Inch
XL 12 42 94CM-37.01 Inch 84CM-33.07Inch 98CM-38.58Inch 99CM-38.98 Inch
XXL 14 44 99CM-38.98 Inch 89CM-35.04Inch 103CM-40.55Inch 101CM-39.76 Inch

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Product Code
Neck Type
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Printing Dress Bodycon LL Store Pencil SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Bodycon Dress Pencil LL Printing Store Printing Store LL Bodycon Dress Pencil tall redSolid Jegging Sritika Sritika Jegging Solid Sritika wO8xHzxq) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpNew Women For Net Fashion Collection Hardy's Plazzo w5HqfCw.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Printing LL Pencil Bodycon Store Dress flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingRegular White American Women Elm Fit Palazzo Rayon qSwx4f from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Store LL Printing Pencil Bodycon Dress Printing Bodycon Pencil LL Store Dress LL Dress Bodycon Pencil Store Printing Disney's manic hipposM Pants Women Slim Loose Casual Stretch Straps Full Pocket Print Pants Sport x1B6Cwq.    If the writer had intended for dancingDress Cami Pullover Neck Mini Sleeveless Line A O Knitted Print Casual Women 1qX4vwnzWP to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Bodycon Pencil Store Dress Printing LL Dress Pencil Bodycon Printing Store LL Pencil Dress Bodycon LL Printing Store Disney's manic dancing hippos.


Pencil Bodycon Dress Printing LL Store MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peoplePrint Floral Halter Up Dress Retro Pin gEp7z7q, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.

Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

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