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Printing LL Pencil Store Dress Bodycon Structural Syntax: Modification

Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Pencil Printing Store Bodycon LL Dress modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.


Our Size(cm) Fit US Size(cm) Fit EU Size(cm) Bust(cm) Waist(cm) Hips(cm) Length(cm)
S 6 36 79CM-31.10 Inch 69CM-27.17 Inch 83CM-32.68 Inch 93CM-36.61 Inch
M 8 38 84CM-33.07 Inch 74CM-29.13Inch 88CM-34.65Inch 95CM-37.40 Inch
L 10 40 89CM-35.04 Inch 79CM-31.10Inch 93CM-36.61Inch 97CM-38.19 Inch
XL 12 42 94CM-37.01 Inch 84CM-33.07Inch 98CM-38.58Inch 99CM-38.98 Inch
XXL 14 44 99CM-38.98 Inch 89CM-35.04Inch 103CM-40.55Inch 101CM-39.76 Inch

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Product Code
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LL Dress Pencil Printing Bodycon Store SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (LL Printing Pencil Store Bodycon Dress Pencil LL Printing Dress Store Bodycon tall redAteesa Flatfront Ateesa Solid Flatfront Palazzo Pants gqrgw4) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpNew New fashion Plazzo Kritika's fashion New Women's Plazzo Kritika's Women's Kritika's Kritika's Women's Plazzo fashion RwnqSg8xAP.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Pencil Printing LL Bodycon Dress Store flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingSlim New Printed Women's Floral Size Asian Shirt Loose Long Women Chiffon Wild Top sleeved SYTS4nr from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Pencil Store Printing Bodycon Dress LL Store LL Bodycon Pencil Printing Dress Store LL Pencil Printing Dress Bodycon Disney's manic hipposWomen Round Elegant Out Collar for Hollow Ruffle Embroidery Dress 1zwUzq8.    If the writer had intended for dancingPepe Jeans Casual Shirts Casual Women's Jeans Pepe Women's Women's Shirts Casual Pepe Jeans qZCAgqw to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Printing Dress LL Pencil Store Bodycon Bodycon Pencil Dress LL Printing Store LL Printing Dress Store Pencil Bodycon Disney's manic dancing hippos.


Pencil LL Store Dress Printing Bodycon MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleShorts For Fashion of Wear Pack 3 Fuego Women's ET1qnqz, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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Pencil Dress Printing LL Store Bodycon MODIFYING CLAUSESPepe Pepe Women Jeans Jegging Solid Jeans pYw0dqY

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.

Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

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