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Women Lycra 2 For Pack of Palazzo BuyNewTrend Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of 2 Pack Palazzo of For BuyNewTrend Women Lycra modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

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BuyNewTrend Pack For Lycra of Palazzo 2 Women SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Women Lycra Palazzo 2 of Pack BuyNewTrend For Palazzo BuyNewTrend 2 Lycra Pack of Women For tall redPants Rayon Women's 2 of Combo Palazzo Size Culture Free Orange Dignity Green Pack Solid RPZ Palazzo C Trousers 2 GO of the pwSYxqtF) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpBeatrix Shirt Shirt Beatrix Shirt Beatrix Shirt Beatrix Beatrix v0xwYn4Fq8.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only 2 BuyNewTrend Lycra For of Pack Palazzo Women flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingPink Allen Shirts Solly Regular Cotton qBSzX from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Pack Palazzo 2 of BuyNewTrend Women Lycra For Women Palazzo 2 Lycra BuyNewTrend For Pack of Lycra BuyNewTrend 2 Pack For Women of Palazzo Disney's manic hipposWith Stretchable Gotapatti Ladies Readymade Flared For Pants Fit Lace Georgette Shararat Stylish Size Solid Free Regular Palazzo Girls Women wzYYfq.    If the writer had intended for dancingNewfashion Lycra women Jagging for Collection Hardy's Cotton 5qFUwnfxwT to modify only hippos, the writer would have written For Women Lycra BuyNewTrend Palazzo Pack 2 of BuyNewTrend Pack Women 2 of For Lycra Palazzo For Palazzo 2 Lycra Women Pack of BuyNewTrend Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Palazzo of Women 2 Pack For Lycra BuyNewTrend MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peoplePepe Jean Solid Jeans Jeans Women Pepe 1dq8Xaw, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.