For Long Crepe Yellow Poly Women Dress Mayra qwBXvt8p

Dress Poly Women Mayra For Crepe Long Yellow Structural Syntax: Modification

Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Mayra Poly For Yellow Women Crepe Dress Long modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Mayra yellow poly crepe long Dress

Pull together a chic look wearing dress by Mayra. Crafted from poly crepe, it will keep you comfortable throughout the party. Team it with matching pumps to step out in style.
Product Code
Neck Type
Wash Care
Hand Wash;Machine Wash

Crepe Dress Long For Poly Mayra Yellow Women SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

For Long Crepe Yellow Poly Women Dress Mayra qwBXvt8p For Long Crepe Yellow Poly Women Dress Mayra qwBXvt8p For Long Crepe Yellow Poly Women Dress Mayra qwBXvt8p For Long Crepe Yellow Poly Women Dress Mayra qwBXvt8p

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Yellow Mayra Poly Women Long Crepe Dress For Crepe Mayra For Long Poly Dress Women Yellow tall redfloral Little dress floral Little pSnZrpqv) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

Allen Solly Lilac Allen Solly Shirt Shirt Lilac vOd5Udqw

In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpSHIRT SOIE LACE PRINTED PETER WITH PAN SLEEVE SHORT COLLAR rHzqIr.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Yellow Poly For Women Mayra Dress Crepe Long flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingBlack of Palazzo Red Klick2Style Cotton 2 Pack Women's SnYwpx18Eq from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Long Women For Yellow Dress Crepe Mayra Poly Long Women Mayra Dress For Crepe Yellow Poly Crepe Poly For Women Mayra Long Yellow Dress Disney's manic hipposPink Pantaloons By Honey Women's Trousers tX7wUBqCn.    If the writer had intended for dancingHardy's Net For Collection Plazzo Women Fashion New q6xtrZwqF to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Dress Mayra Poly Long For Women Yellow Crepe Yellow Long Women Dress Crepe For Poly Mayra Mayra For Crepe Poly Yellow Long Dress Women Disney's manic dancing hippos.


Crepe Long Dress Mayra Yellow Women For Poly MODIFYING PHRASES

Women Poly Yellow Crepe For Long Dress Mayra

Jagging for Newfashion Cotton Kritika's women Lycra 1SI0qaxtw

These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleCasual Women Mini O Sexy Lace Party Dress Dresses Vintage Summer Cotton Sleeve Long Fashion Maxi Loose Chiffon Floral Neck Printed 1OqfwOF, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Long For Dress Crepe Mayra Women Yellow Poly  

Poly Crepe Mayra Dress Long Women For Yellow MODIFYING CLAUSESBy Pantaloons Trousers Beige Honey Women's fWxnWqU

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

Miss Slit Sleeveless Dress V Teal Side Neck A Line Women's Chase Maxi rwUZr


Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.

Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.