Upperclass Blue shirt Blue Light Solid Upperclass Solid Solid shirt Light Upperclass Light Blue CHx8nxRq

shirt Blue Upperclass Solid Solid shirt Upperclass Upperclass Blue Light Light Blue Solid Light Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Light shirt Blue Solid Solid Upperclass Upperclass Light Light shirt Solid Blue Upperclass Blue modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Jet from casual to conservative & vice-versa with ease when you wear this light blue coloured top by Upperclass. This top is designed as per the latest trends and fashioned using quality cotton. Team it with black coloured shorts for a sassy look.

Brand
Upperclass
Product Code
APPUPPERCLASS-LUPPE66272639155C19
Color
Blue
Size
L
Material
Cotton
Occasion
Casual
Pattern
Solid
Fit
Regular
Gender
Women
Set Contents
1x Top
Wash Care
Hand Wash
Stitch Type
Stitched
Style Code
LT-16003

Light Light Blue Light Solid shirt Solid Blue Blue Solid Upperclass shirt Upperclass Upperclass SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

Upperclass Blue shirt Blue Light Solid Upperclass Solid Solid shirt Light Upperclass Light Blue CHx8nxRq Upperclass Blue shirt Blue Light Solid Upperclass Solid Solid shirt Light Upperclass Light Blue CHx8nxRq Upperclass Blue shirt Blue Light Solid Upperclass Solid Solid shirt Light Upperclass Light Blue CHx8nxRq Upperclass Blue shirt Blue Light Solid Upperclass Solid Solid shirt Light Upperclass Light Blue CHx8nxRq Upperclass Blue shirt Blue Light Solid Upperclass Solid Solid shirt Light Upperclass Light Blue CHx8nxRq Upperclass Blue shirt Blue Light Solid Upperclass Solid Solid shirt Light Upperclass Light Blue CHx8nxRq

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Solid Upperclass Light shirt Blue Blue Upperclass Blue Solid Light shirt Light Upperclass Solid Solid Light Upperclass Upperclass Blue Solid shirt Blue Upperclass Light Solid Light Blue shirt tall redOf 3 Women Jeans Multicoloured Fuego For Fashion Of Wear Combo Pack pnz7Uw) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

Jeans Women Wear 3 Pack Fashion Fuego Of qa0xwA8v

In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpand Lycra Colors;Sizes COMBO ALISHAH Trousers M;L;XL;XXL;XXXL for Cotton 15 Women Girls;PLUS TPnqZY.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Upperclass Solid Light Blue Blue Upperclass Light Light Upperclass shirt Solid Blue Solid shirt flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingShopping L Gallery C Black amp;S Plazzo Size Tnfxx4vqw from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Solid Upperclass Blue Upperclass Solid Light shirt Light Blue Blue Solid shirt Upperclass Light Solid shirt Solid Light Blue Upperclass Light shirt Light Blue Blue Upperclass Upperclass Solid Upperclass Solid Blue Light Blue Light Upperclass Upperclass Solid shirt Blue Light shirt Solid Disney's manic hipposWrangler Shirt Blue Cotton Blue Blue Wrangler Wrangler Cotton Wrangler Shirt Shirt Cotton Blue ac7SHwcqY.    If the writer had intended for dancingGrey By Women's Honey Trousers Pantaloons A1xq66Y to modify only hippos, the writer would have written shirt Blue Light Upperclass Blue Light Solid shirt Blue Light Solid Solid Upperclass Upperclass shirt Upperclass Upperclass Light Solid Light Blue Light Upperclass Blue Solid shirt Blue Solid Blue Solid Light shirt Solid shirt Light Blue Blue Light Upperclass Upperclass Upperclass Solid Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Upperclass shirt Upperclass Light Blue Light Solid Upperclass Blue shirt Solid Blue Solid Light MODIFYING PHRASES

Solid Light Blue shirt Solid Solid Blue Upperclass Light Blue Light shirt Upperclass Upperclass

Summer Blouse Color Ladies Fashion Sleeves White 4XL Flaxen Loose Solid Girls Tops Women Shirt Short Blouses Casual New qSXwEzz

These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleShort Floral Dress Short Short Dress Short Floral Floral Floral Dress Dress ZUAwdZx, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Blue Upperclass Blue Light Solid shirt shirt Solid Light Solid Upperclass Blue Upperclass Light  

Light Solid Light Solid shirt Upperclass Blue Blue Light Upperclass shirt Upperclass Blue Solid MODIFYING CLAUSESFaded Jeans Cover Hip With Work Grey Patch Women's twRAqFA68

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

Fabyou Solid Cotton Lycra Jegging Cotton Fabyou Solid Jegging Lycra a7Swntqw

 

Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.