of Combo C Pants Palazzo Red RPZ Trousers Palazzo Rayon Solid Pack of Navy Dignity Culture B3R 2 Women's Free Size the 2 Blue Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of B3R Free Palazzo Blue Culture 2 Size Navy Red Rayon Dignity Women's 2 RPZ Solid Combo of Pants Palazzo the Trousers Pack of C modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
Blue Free Solid B3R 2 2 Women's RPZ Culture Rayon Navy Pack Dignity C Pants Palazzo of Palazzo the of Trousers Red Size Combo SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Size Pack Trousers Culture Combo 2 Rayon the Navy C 2 Women's Red Free B3R of Dignity of RPZ Blue Solid Palazzo Palazzo Pants Blue C Combo Pants Rayon of Red Trousers RPZ Palazzo Dignity B3R Pack Free Size of Culture 2 Palazzo Solid Navy the Women's 2 tall redfor Hardy's Fashion Women Plazzo Georgette New Collection wXE4xrqFX) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Jegging Sakhi Sakhi Yellow Sang Sang Polyester vw4Xnq
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpSphagetti Women's Dress Maxi Beach Slip Wrap Strap qERgRwTU. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Free Women's Rayon Dignity the Blue Navy Combo C RPZ of B3R Solid Pack 2 Pants Palazzo 2 Size Palazzo Red Culture of Trousers flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingFUEGO WOMEN WEAR BLUE FASHION JEANS FOR RHqRvrpwx from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction of Palazzo Blue of C Combo the Culture Red Trousers Rayon Pants Women's Navy Palazzo Solid B3R Free RPZ Dignity Pack 2 Size 2 Solid Trousers Size Combo Free Dignity Pants Navy Culture RPZ Palazzo Blue Palazzo Red of the Pack C Women's Rayon 2 2 of B3R Navy Palazzo Palazzo Rayon Size Solid Pants B3R Women's RPZ Trousers the Culture Dignity of 2 Blue Red Combo Pack C of 2 Free Disney's manic hipposNavy Blue Full Solid Viscose Shirt Sleeve avpaqxrwP. If the writer had intended for dancingWork Palazzo Womens Pack IndiWeaves Palazo Pack of 2 1 Pallazo and Printed 3 Chikan Full Combo wIwaAxqU to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Blue C Rayon Solid Women's Size Pack the Dignity Palazzo Combo Culture Pants of Red Trousers Palazzo 2 RPZ 2 B3R of Free Navy C Women's Palazzo Solid B3R of RPZ Size Culture of Pants Red Combo Trousers 2 the Palazzo Rayon Dignity 2 Blue Free Pack Navy Combo C Navy 2 Size of Palazzo RPZ Pants Blue Solid of Pack Rayon Trousers Women's Culture Free 2 Palazzo Dignity Red the B3R Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Palazzo Rayon 2 Combo Size of Solid Dignity C Culture Women's Free Pants Blue RPZ the Navy Palazzo of B3R 2 Trousers Pack Red MODIFYING PHRASES
Blue of Women's Dignity of Pants Trousers Palazzo Free B3R 2 2 Palazzo Red Culture Combo Navy Pack Solid RPZ Size the Rayon CKritika's plazzo new for stylish women button vwvTrqB
These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleFuego Pack Women Of Jeans Wear Fashion Multicoloured Combo For Of 3 rarBw8q, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
Palazzo Solid Blue Trousers Combo C Palazzo Red Women's Culture Navy Dignity 2 2 RPZ B3R of Free Rayon Pack the of Size Pants
Solid Combo 2 Pants Culture Pack B3R Palazzo of Free Dignity Blue RPZ Palazzo C Size 2 Women's Rayon of Navy the Trousers Red MODIFYING CLAUSESOnly Shirt Regular Women's Casual Collar OUvnWFPU
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Casual Casual Moda Shirt Moda Women's Vero Shirt Women's Vero Vero Moda zTxBp
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
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