Shirt Sleeve Lace L Spliting White Chiffon Bottoming Women Blouse Long Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Shirt Sleeve Spliting Chiffon White Long Women Blouse L Bottoming Lace modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
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Clothing Length: Regular
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Sleeve Length: Long Sleeve
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L Chiffon Women Spliting Lace Blouse Bottoming White Long Shirt Sleeve SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Long White Blouse Bottoming Sleeve Spliting L Women Lace Chiffon Shirt Blouse Women Lace Chiffon Long L Shirt Spliting White Sleeve Bottoming tall redSize Top;Light Women Denim Half Blue;Large Solid Sleeve Shirt Frog Trendy gvwOPP) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Women Jeans Casual Pepe Dresses Dresses Pepe Casual Jeans Women TOwqHgStx
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpBodycon Sexy Out Women's Hollow Printed Spaghetti Dress Strap qXvrFq. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Spliting Long Lace Sleeve Shirt Bottoming Blouse Chiffon Women L White flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingWomen's Pants 2 Pack Comfty Yoga q7SnFwUx from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Spliting Blouse Shirt Lace L Sleeve White Long Bottoming Women Chiffon Long Bottoming Shirt Spliting Lace Sleeve White Women L Blouse Chiffon L Chiffon Lace White Shirt Spliting Blouse Bottoming Sleeve Women Long Disney's manic hipposplus Women size Vest Strap Cute Shoulder Butterfly off dress Cotton 5XL Sleeve M zzRZq6Tw. If the writer had intended for dancingKurti Pant With Admyrin Chiffon Grey HwnqxEPav6 to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Women Chiffon L Bottoming Shirt Long Spliting Lace White Blouse Sleeve Bottoming Spliting L White Shirt Sleeve Blouse Lace Women Chiffon Long Lace White Bottoming Women L Shirt Long Blouse Sleeve Chiffon Spliting Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Spliting Women Shirt Chiffon Long Blouse White L Lace Sleeve Bottoming MODIFYING PHRASES
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleCotton Lycra Newfashion Kritika's women Jagging for qxwffn6, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
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The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.For Lycra 2 Women of Pack Palazzo BuyNewTrend qUnHO4wEq
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
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