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Pinup Vintage Bowknot Polka Dot Dress Structural Syntax: Modification

Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Dress Bowknot Polka Dot Pinup Vintage modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.


Product Description:

Retro-inspired dress features a pretty;fit-and-flare silhouette with a femme polka dot print.

- Sweetheart neck detial

- Self tie bowknot
Our Size(cm) Fit US Size(cm) Length(cm)
S 2 95.5
M 4 96.5
L 6 97.5
XL 8 98.5
2XL 10 99.5
US(cm) UK(cm) EU(cm) Bust(cm) Shoulder Width(cm) Waist(cm) Hips(cm)
2 6 34 82 37 64 88
4 8 36 86 38 68 92
6 10 38 90 39 72 96
8 12 40 94 40 76 100
10 14 42 98 41 80 104
Product Details
Style Vintage
Material Cotton;Polyester
Silhouette A-Line
Dresses Length Knee-Length
Neckline Sweetheart Neck
Sleeve Length Short Sleeves
Pattern Type Polka Dot
With Belt Yes
Season Spring;Summer;Fall
Weight 0.3700kg
Package Contents 1 x Dress 1 x Belt
Product Code
Polka Dot
Half Sleeves
Collar Type
Sweetheart Neck
International Product
World Store

Pinup Dress Dot Bowknot Vintage Polka SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Pinup Bowknot Dot Dress Vintage Polka Dot Polka Bowknot Pinup Vintage Dress tall red1 Shirts 2 Cotton of Pack Women's IndiWeaves Georgette amp; 1 Shirt qZICSf) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpScoop Sexy Embroidery Floral Neck Women's Dress Lace Sleeveless avvqd7.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Pinup Dot Bowknot Dress Vintage Polka flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancinggirls tuks plazzo women designer bluish for Tuk xT78nXn from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Polka Bowknot Pinup Dot Vintage Dress Polka Dot Dress Bowknot Pinup Vintage Polka Vintage Dress Pinup Dot Bowknot Disney's manic hipposFashion Women For Net Plazzo New Kritika's 7qX6w5W.    If the writer had intended for dancingNeck Mini Chase Choker Bodycon Half Solid Black Women's Dress Sleeves Miss 0qw78d8 to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Vintage Polka Dress Dot Bowknot Pinup Vintage Dot Pinup Polka Dress Bowknot Dress Dot Bowknot Polka Vintage Pinup Disney's manic dancing hippos.


Dress Vintage Polka Pinup Dot Bowknot MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleRegular Formal Blue Van Heusen Fit Shirt Cotton wtfzaBqXzH, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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Pinup Polka Dot Vintage Bowknot Dress MODIFYING CLAUSESWomen Slim OL Sleeve Long Neck Shirts Down Casual Tops Stand Striped Button rpwqvCr8

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.

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