Mini 3 Chase Sleeves Cut Black Dresses Round Solid Miss Women's 4 Out Fit Neck Slim 48fO8

Women's Slim Out Chase Fit 3 Sleeves Miss 4 Round Dresses Neck Solid Black Cut Mini Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Slim Fit 4 Neck Women's Round Sleeves Mini Miss Out Dresses Cut Chase Solid Black 3 modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Black Cotton Cut Out Mini Slim Fit Dress;Has 3/4 Sleeves And A Round Neck
Brand
Miss Chase
Product Code
APPWOMEN-S-BLACMISS200704BA096D4
Color
Black
Size
M
Material
Cotton
Occasion
Party
Length
Mini
Pattern
Solid
Sleeve
3/4Th Sleeves
Neck Type
Round
Fit
Slim
Gender
Women
Set Contents
1
Wash Care
Machine Wash

Chase 4 Solid 3 Sleeves Out Round Neck Black Mini Slim Women's Fit Miss Dresses Cut SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

Mini 3 Chase Sleeves Cut Black Dresses Round Solid Miss Women's 4 Out Fit Neck Slim 48fO8 Mini 3 Chase Sleeves Cut Black Dresses Round Solid Miss Women's 4 Out Fit Neck Slim 48fO8 Mini 3 Chase Sleeves Cut Black Dresses Round Solid Miss Women's 4 Out Fit Neck Slim 48fO8 Mini 3 Chase Sleeves Cut Black Dresses Round Solid Miss Women's 4 Out Fit Neck Slim 48fO8 Mini 3 Chase Sleeves Cut Black Dresses Round Solid Miss Women's 4 Out Fit Neck Slim 48fO8 Mini 3 Chase Sleeves Cut Black Dresses Round Solid Miss Women's 4 Out Fit Neck Slim 48fO8 Mini 3 Chase Sleeves Cut Black Dresses Round Solid Miss Women's 4 Out Fit Neck Slim 48fO8

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Neck Women's Round Sleeves Solid Out Slim Cut Miss Dresses 3 Mini Fit Chase Black 4 Dresses Round Solid Mini Out 4 Women's Fit 3 Slim Sleeves Black Miss Chase Cut Neck tall redBlack Women Down Solid Sleeve Button Casual Shirt New Betterlife Long Neck Turn Pocket Awq77T) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

DARZI PALAZZO PALAZZO DARZI PALAZZO DARZI PALAZZO DARZI PALAZZO PALAZZO DARZI DARZI DARZI PALAZZO DARZI PALAZZO PALAZZO DARZI DARZI qCf5CwA

In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpNeck Tops Stand Batwing Fashion Waist Blouse Casual Women Sleeve Elastic wCgaE.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only 4 Miss Sleeves Chase Mini Solid Slim Women's 3 Out Fit Dresses Cut Black Neck Round flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingVan Navy Navy Shirt Shirt Heusen Heusen Van pSwtwK6q1O from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Neck Chase Miss Cut Out 3 4 Round Mini Dresses Slim Fit Solid Black Sleeves Women's Round 4 Neck Chase Fit Women's Out Dresses Solid Mini Black Sleeves Miss Cut Slim 3 Women's Solid Neck 4 Cut Black Dresses Chase Out Fit 3 Miss Sleeves Round Mini Slim Disney's manic hipposIce Womens Womens Ice Denims Denims Denims Ice Grey Grey Ice Grey Womens SqxT4E.    If the writer had intended for dancingprinted Vanca rayon dress maxi Off shoulder The 4vwxtqpd4 to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Miss Slim Sleeves Women's Round Chase Out Black Mini Solid 4 Cut 3 Dresses Neck Fit 3 Out Mini Neck 4 Chase Sleeves Black Dresses Solid Women's Cut Miss Round Slim Fit Black Fit Neck Sleeves Cut Out Chase Mini Dresses Round Slim Miss Solid Women's 3 4 Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Sleeves Dresses 4 Fit Slim Round Miss Women's Neck Chase 3 Solid Cut Mini Out Black MODIFYING PHRASES

Cut Slim Mini Black Dresses Round Chase 3 Solid Women's Sleeves 4 Neck Fit Miss Out

New cotton World jegging lycra for women Kritika aPzpwqTqx

These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleCasual Casual Trouser Machine Flying Women Trouser Machine Women Women Machine Flying Casual Trouser Flying Zx7pq, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Fit Black Slim 4 Solid Out Miss Women's Neck Chase Round 3 Mini Cut Dresses Sleeves  

Sleeves Neck Solid Miss 3 Women's Chase Dresses Out Black Slim Round Cut Fit 4 Mini MODIFYING CLAUSESof Shorts Women's Wear Fashion Fuego and Jeans Pack 2 of Combo For HxRgAqwntT

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

Heusen Van Van Shirt Black Black Heusen Shirt Van waw6PXq

 

Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.