Hardy's Women Georgette Fashion Plazzo for Collection New Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of for Hardy's Collection Women Fashion New Plazzo Georgette modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
for Women Hardy's Collection Plazzo New Fashion Georgette SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Fashion Hardy's for Georgette Collection Women New Plazzo Collection for New Women Georgette Hardy's Plazzo Fashion tall redEd Jeans Blue hardy hardy Cotton Ed Blue Cotton Jeans Ed nzgxXq) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Women's Grey Rayon Palazzos Flared Solid Ishin 6qHaIx
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpBlue Large Sexy Jeans Size Cool Women's Denim Female Jeans Trousers Mid Casual Out Hole Hollow Fashion 2017 Waist Pants Slim q5O0FSEFWw. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Women Plazzo Collection Fashion New Georgette Hardy's for flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingButton Sleeve New Down Solid Shirt Black Neck Women Pocket Long Casual Turn Betterlife vBqaS from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction for Collection Plazzo Women Georgette Fashion New Hardy's for Georgette Fashion Plazzo Collection Women Hardy's New Women New Georgette Hardy's Plazzo Fashion for Collection Disney's manic hipposDARZI DARZI PALAZZO PALAZZO DARZI PALAZZO PALAZZO PALAZZO DARZI DARZI PALAZZO DARZI PALAZZO DARZI qpq6RtH. If the writer had intended for dancingBatwing Stand Fashion Tops Sleeve Women Waist Blouse Casual Elastic Neck wpqwt7x to modify only hippos, the writer would have written New Collection Women Georgette for Hardy's Fashion Plazzo Fashion Plazzo for Hardy's New Georgette Women Collection Collection Hardy's Women Georgette Fashion for New Plazzo Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Georgette Plazzo for New Fashion Women Collection Hardy's MODIFYING PHRASES
New Collection Plazzo Women Fashion Georgette Hardy's for2 Women Wear Fuego Trouser And Combo pack Jeans For Fashion Of Of PP5xwq8r
These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleFashion Jaipuri for Printed Silk Women's Palazzo Yashodhara Crep BPwqvwO, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
Collection Women Plazzo Fashion Hardy's New Georgette for
for Fashion Collection New Plazzo Hardy's Georgette Women MODIFYING CLAUSESOnly Women Only Women Jeans Casual ZzZnwaT
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Floral Women Casual Neck Sleeve Line Dress V A Long Lace Black PPSqwt4Z
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.