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Modal Solly Allen Dresses Regular Pink Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Modal Regular Allen Dresses Solly Pink modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Look trendy and fashionable in this pink round-neck dress from Solly by Allen Solly. Made from modal;this thigh-length design features an interesting print all over. Don this short sleeve dress with ballerina flats for a leisurely timeout with friends.
Brand
Allen Solly
Product Code
APPALLEN-SOLLY-ADIT509967DD7A0BD
Color
Pink
Size
XXL
Material
Georgette
Occasion
Party
Length
Mini
Pattern
Solid
Sleeve
3/4Th Sleeves
Neck Type
Classic Collar
Fit
Regular
Gender
Women
Style Code
AWDR517U006351

Pink Regular Dresses Allen Modal Solly SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Dresses Allen Modal Pink Solly Regular Solly Allen Regular Pink Modal Dresses tall redPalazzo And Solid Sritika Embroidery Design zqUzp8vx) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

Kritika's Printed Kritika's Printed for women plazzo x5RwPqw7S

In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpWomen For Net Collection Plazzo Hardy's Fashion New q4xPSc6wvY.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Modal Regular Dresses Allen Solly Pink flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingfashionstylus cotton trouser Yellow cotton Yellow trouser fashionstylus fashionstylus ZOZqw4r from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Pink Dresses Solly Modal Allen Regular Modal Regular Allen Dresses Pink Solly Dresses Allen Regular Pink Modal Solly Disney's manic hipposwomen stylish new Kritika's button plazzo for 5845XWqx.    If the writer had intended for dancingMODA Dresses Casual Casual Woman MODA VERO VERO Woman OxnCP4qax to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Pink Dresses Regular Allen Solly Modal Regular Modal Dresses Solly Pink Allen Modal Solly Pink Dresses Regular Allen Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Dresses Regular Allen Modal Pink Solly MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleFuego Wear Jeans For Fashion Women Blue r1fqrw, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Modal Allen Pink Dresses Solly Regular  

Solly Allen Regular Modal Dresses Pink MODIFYING CLAUSESTree Knee Dress Christmas Length Star rHgqHEvw

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.