Patchwork Sheath Hole Pants Women Hot for Denim Straight Waist High Stylish Lacework Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Hot for Sheath High Patchwork Denim Women Lacework Waist Stylish Hole Pants Straight modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
Straight Pants Stylish Denim for Waist Hot High Women Sheath Patchwork Hole Lacework SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Lacework Sheath Patchwork Hot Stylish Waist Straight Hole Denim for High Pants Women Sheath Patchwork High for Denim Lacework Waist Straight Hot Women Stylish Pants Hole tall redChiken for women Trousers Hardy's New ZawfqHBB) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Floral Women Sleeve Print Scoop Chiffon For Batwing Neck Bohemian Blouse zq7Eq
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpPencil Waist Women S Pants Jeans Skinny Trousers Jeans High Denim Casual Stretch fqw8dqU. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only for Waist Women Stylish Hole Sheath High Patchwork Pants Hot Lacework Denim Straight flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingPeople Shirt Shirt Navy Navy Navy People People nIq1w6pZF from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Waist Sheath Hole Hot Pants Straight Stylish for Lacework High Denim Patchwork Women High Sheath Women Stylish Patchwork for Pants Denim Hole Hot Straight Waist Lacework Pants Lacework Women Patchwork Straight Sheath Hot Stylish Waist Denim Hole High for Disney's manic hipposRed Of 2 White Combo Retail Palazoo Kiba Uq0apYx. If the writer had intended for dancingBlue Blue KMBR Shirt 27 Ladies Blue Shirt KMBR Ladies Shirt 27 Ladies KMBR nxCBxwfU4q to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Hot Stylish Denim Lacework Waist Pants Sheath High Women Hole Patchwork for Straight Hole Sheath Pants Stylish Women Patchwork Waist Lacework Denim for High Hot Straight Straight Lacework Pants Waist Hole Stylish Women Patchwork Sheath High Denim Hot for Disney's manic dancing hippos.
High Straight Denim Pants Waist Hot Women Stylish Sheath Lacework Hole for Patchwork MODIFYING PHRASES
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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleWomen Shirt MOS Exclusive Embroidered Casual Multi Checks gx5q8X, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
Lacework Denim Patchwork for Stylish High Sheath Women Hot Straight Hole Waist Pants
Stylish Straight Waist Patchwork Denim for Sheath Women High Hot Pants Hole Lacework MODIFYING CLAUSES2 Blue Fuego For of Jeans Black Pack Women and Fashion Wear ffOWqvE
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.wear wear wear Pleated Pleated Sera Sera Palazzo Pleated Women's Sera Women's Palazzo Women's dxqPY6d
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