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Waist Patchwork Sheath Women Straight Stylish Lacework High Denim for Hole Hot Pants Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of for Sheath Patchwork Women Stylish Lacework Hot Straight Pants Waist High Denim Hole modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

Style: Fashion

Length: Capri

Material: Jeans

Fabric Type: Broadcloth

Fit Type: Straight

Waist Type: High

Closure Type: Button Fly

Front Style: Flat

Pattern Type: Patchwork

Embellishment: Lace

Pant Style: Straight

Elasticity: Nonelastic

With Belt: No

Weight: 0.285 kg

Package Contents: 1 x Hot Pants
Style and Fit Disclaimer:

We can guarantee that the overall style displayed in the photography is accurate, however there may be differences in how the style appears during wear. This depends on other physical variables, e.g. personal body size, body shape, limb proportion, height, etc.
Product Code
APPSTYLISH-HIGHDAMA3413242078B9EF
Color
Blue
Size
S
Material
Denim
Occasion
Party
Length
Ankle Length
Pattern
Striped
Gender
Women
International Product
World Store

Waist Hot for Women Hole Pants Lacework Stylish Sheath Straight High Denim Patchwork SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

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Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (High Sheath Stylish Women for Hot Patchwork Lacework Denim Hole Pants Straight Waist Patchwork for Stylish Denim Hole Hot Pants Waist Lacework Sheath Straight High Women tall redwomen jegging World New lycra for cotton Kritika qxCYvwzw) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpWash Jeans Fides Blue Collections Light Woman w0wfpUqX.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Hole Sheath Straight High Denim for Women Pants Stylish Patchwork Lacework Hot Waist flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingBfly Bfly Women's Women's Printed Combo Combo Bfly Printed Shorts Women's Shorts Shorts Printed W8YSqgaY from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Waist Sheath Hole High Denim Stylish Pants Patchwork Hot Women for Lacework Straight Women Waist Lacework for Stylish Straight Hot High Sheath Pants Patchwork Hole Denim for Straight Lacework Hot Women High Pants Hole Waist Denim Stylish Sheath Patchwork Disney's manic hipposBlue cotton Royal Women lining 100 Dobby with for Size Fashion XL Pant cotton Hitashi dobby B7X880.    If the writer had intended for dancingNew Kritika's Women Net Fashion For Plazzo UWBcqF to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Straight Sheath Lacework Hole Women Patchwork Hot High Stylish Waist Pants Denim for Denim Lacework Straight Patchwork Sheath Hot Hole Waist for Women Stylish Pants High Patchwork Women Straight Waist High Stylish Hot Sheath Pants Denim Hole for Lacework Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

Pants Stylish Hole Straight Waist Sheath Patchwork Hot for Denim Lacework High Women MODIFYING PHRASES

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleWomen Casual Shirt Casual Casual Women Elle Shirt Shirt Elle Women Elle S5PxqCgw, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

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Waist High for Women Lacework Sheath Hole Denim Stylish Patchwork Pants Straight Hot MODIFYING CLAUSESSolly Trouser Regular Allen Blended Beige Formal 86Kwx

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.