Lacework for Women Stylish Pants Patchwork Denim Sheath Hole Hot Waist High Straight Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of Waist Straight Patchwork Sheath Pants Lacework Hole Denim Stylish High for Women Hot modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
for Waist Patchwork Sheath Pants Women Hot Hole Straight High Lacework Denim Stylish SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (Hole High Lacework Hot Straight Stylish Waist Pants Sheath Patchwork Denim Women for Stylish Pants Women Denim Waist High Patchwork Hot Straight Hole for Sheath Lacework tall redSleeveless Round Knitted Bodycon Collar Dress Sexy Women EqSwggd) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Solid Sakhi Sakhi Trousers Sang Sang Purple Solid Purple Trousers xqwFEvIazY
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpCotton of amp; Shirt Women's Georgette 1 IndiWeaves Shirts 2 1 Pack 8qtX4Anw. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only Sheath Denim Pants Stylish for Straight Hot Hole Women Waist Lacework High Patchwork flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingof IndiWeaves Shirts 2 Cotton Pack 2 Women's Shirt wHPHaqrXp from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Sheath Women Hole Straight Denim Hot High Patchwork Pants for Stylish Lacework Waist Lacework Patchwork Hot Stylish High Denim Straight Women for Waist Sheath Pants Hole Hot High for Lacework Sheath Hole Waist Straight Patchwork Denim Stylish Pants Women Disney's manic hipposRayon Eyelet Dress Dress Rayon Asymmetric Eyelet Asymmetric Asymmetric Rayon Asymmetric Eyelet Eyelet Dress Rayon 0Hfwq0A. If the writer had intended for dancing2 Palazzo Solid Pant Pack Regular Fit Women Of Stanvee nqfZxwp17P to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Straight for Hot Lacework Sheath Patchwork Pants Denim Hole High Waist Women Stylish Hole Straight Stylish Lacework Patchwork High Sheath for Pants Women Waist Denim Hot Straight Lacework Women Hole Hot Sheath Denim Patchwork for High Stylish Pants Waist Disney's manic dancing hippos.
for Hot Women Patchwork Waist Sheath Pants Straight Denim Lacework Stylish High Hole MODIFYING PHRASES
Denim Lacework Women Stylish Hole Hot for High Patchwork Pants Straight Waist SheathFloral Knee Print Dress Length KUBES Black Women's wqIxRU
These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleBlock Color Texco Red Bodycon Dress EwnOxfqZxX, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
for Denim Women Hot Lacework High Pants Straight Hole Sheath Patchwork Stylish Waist
Women Straight Hole Sheath for Waist Lacework High Hot Stylish Patchwork Denim Pants MODIFYING CLAUSESVanca Casual Wear The Party Dress d5zdnv
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Neck Sleeveless Waist Sexy Mini Striped Women Club Halter Backless High Ladies V Dress Finejo 1q6XIwp
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.