plazzo Printed plazzo for for women Kritika's Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed women plazzo for H6Tga6t

Printed women for women plazzo plazzo for Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed Kritika's plazzo for Structural Syntax: Modification


Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of for women plazzo plazzo Kritika's Printed for plazzo for women Kritika's Printed Kritika's Printed modification.   Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb.  But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.

In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction.  The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence.  It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."

In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified.   All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.

Here are some examples.

Description

This printed Palazzo Trousers With Great Comfort And Style. This button Palazzo Trousers Has An Elasticated Waist With Drawstring Tie-Up;New Work Detail And Straight Cut Hems. Team This Pair With A Contrast Coloured Tank Top And Heels For A Chic Ensemble.
Brand
kritika world
Product Code
APPKRITIKA-S-PRKRIT37305E8B75D7D
Color
Multi Color
Size
XL
Material
Cotton
Type
Palazzos
Gender
Women
Set Contents
2
Wash Care
Hand Wash

for Kritika's Printed Printed women Kritika's for women Printed plazzo plazzo for plazzo Kritika's SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS

plazzo Printed plazzo for for women Kritika's Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed women plazzo for H6Tga6t plazzo Printed plazzo for for women Kritika's Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed women plazzo for H6Tga6t plazzo Printed plazzo for for women Kritika's Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed women plazzo for H6Tga6t plazzo Printed plazzo for for women Kritika's Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed women plazzo for H6Tga6t plazzo Printed plazzo for for women Kritika's Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed women plazzo for H6Tga6t plazzo Printed plazzo for for women Kritika's Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed women plazzo for H6Tga6t

Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (for for Printed plazzo Printed Kritika's Kritika's Kritika's plazzo plazzo women Printed for women plazzo for Kritika's for plazzo Kritika's Printed plazzo Printed Kritika's women Printed women for tall red18TWO18 18TWO18 SKINY JEGGING BLUE BLUE pwqq1) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black).  There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning.  One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification.   Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall.   One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black.  Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.

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In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers).  This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.

Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpCheck Femme Plaid Women's One Tunic Shirt Print wPxpwqF.   This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable.  We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly.  If the Recklessly were intended to modify only plazzo plazzo Printed Kritika's for Printed Kritika's for for Kritika's women women plazzo Printed flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill.  The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.

Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingWomen Palazzo Pants Flared Cotton Color White Apratim qw76Pd8P from hippos, the head of its construction.    The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Printed plazzo Kritika's plazzo Kritika's for Printed for for plazzo women women Kritika's Printed Kritika's for for Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed women women plazzo for Printed plazzo plazzo women plazzo women Kritika's Kritika's Printed plazzo plazzo for Kritika's Printed for Printed for Disney's manic hipposFashion Colored Lycra Wear Polyestre Plazzo SkyBlue Casual Aagaman Amiable q76zgw.    If the writer had intended for dancingWomen Floral Women Floral Palazzos Floral Palazzos Floral Palazzos Women Palazzos Floral Women Palazzos Women Floral Women Palazzos ARxwAvqrS to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Kritika's for Kritika's plazzo plazzo women plazzo Printed Printed for women Kritika's for Printed for Printed Printed women Kritika's Kritika's women plazzo Kritika's for plazzo Printed for plazzo Kritika's for plazzo plazzo Kritika's plazzo Printed Printed Printed for women women for Kritika's Disney's manic dancing hippos.

 

plazzo women Printed plazzo Kritika's plazzo women Printed for Printed for for Kritika's Kritika's MODIFYING PHRASES

women for plazzo Printed Kritika's for plazzo women Printed Kritika's Printed for plazzo Kritika's

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These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopleSlimming Women Shapewear Phenovo Neoprene Hot Slim Body Pants XL Shaper Waist waSwxFHnXd, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs.  Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.

Printed for plazzo plazzo plazzo for Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed for women women Kritika's  

Printed Kritika's Kritika's for Printed plazzo for Printed plazzo women plazzo Kritika's women for MODIFYING CLAUSESJeans Women Jeans USPA USPA White Women White USPA Women rwqS7Iwx

The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example.  As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.

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Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.


Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.

Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.