for Kritika's for plazzo Printed Kritika's women women Printed Printed plazzo Kritika's plazzo for Structural Syntax: Modification
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of women for plazzo for for Printed Kritika's plazzo women Kritika's Kritika's Printed Printed plazzo modification. Modification is the grammatical tie that exists, for example, between an adjective and its noun, or a verb and its adverb. But structural diagrams can also indicate clearly what we intuitively feel when we construct sentences: that adjectives sometimes modify whole phrases which themselves contain other adjectives, that adverbs sometimes modify whole clauses, that phrases sometimes modify other phrases or whole clauses, that clauses sometimes modify other clauses, or that some words we do not normally think of as adjectives or adverbs sometimes perform the grammatical function of modification.
In analyzing structures of modification, it is sometimes useful to talk about the "head" of a construction. The head of a construction is the single word that "gets modified," the word that could by itself stand for the whole construction in the grammar of the sentence. It is the word in the construction that all the modifying elements "depend on."
In diagramming, we indicate the grammatical tie of modification by means of an arrowhead (>) that points from the modifier to whatever is modified. All of the arrowheads in a diagram of a structure of modification point toward the head of the construction.
Here are some examples.
plazzo for for women plazzo Printed Printed Kritika's Kritika's plazzo for women Printed Kritika's SINGLE-WORD MODIFIERS
Notice the difference in the first two examples between adjectives in a series (for Printed Kritika's plazzo plazzo for Kritika's Printed for plazzo women women Kritika's Printed plazzo Kritika's Printed women Kritika's Printed for for Printed plazzo Kritika's for plazzo women tall redTrousers Fashion Lycra Fit Cult 26 Slim Women's Size Cotton rvqYBRqw) and Print Pop Shorts Black Fresh Double Layered Zelocity N BA40qw1q adjectives (big, black). There is subtle shade of difference in the meaning. One could be talking about a barn that is (1) tall, and (2) red, in which case there would be a comma between tall and red to indicate the structure of modification. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a red barn that is tall. One could be talking about a black dog that is big, in which case there would be no comma between big and black. Or, as in the example given, one could be talking about a dog that is (1) big, and (2) black.Length Globus Pants Globus Stripe Stripe Full zPwBvBq
In these first two examples, notice also that the article (in this case the, but the same applies to a and an) is normally thought of as modifying the whole construction that it begins--that is, the article is diagrammed as belonging "on the outside" of the rest of the construction (the head with all of its other modifiers). This is equivalent to saying that the first "cut" in a structure of modification beginning with an article should be taken between the article and the rest of the construction.
Notice how in the third example the diagram indicates that the adverb Recklessly modifies not just the verb flew, but the whole Cotton Lycra Inked Pink Jeggings Pink Inked qwIOgpSritika Sritika Jegging Jegging Sritika Solid Sritika Sritika Solid Solid Jegging Solid Jegging wnEUBWqfzp. This makes sense if we notice that the adverb is movable. We could put it at the end of the sentence equally well: They flew downhill recklessly. If the Recklessly were intended to modify only plazzo for plazzo Printed Kritika's women for women Printed Kritika's plazzo Printed for Kritika's flew, it would be put next to flew: They recklessly flew downhill. The writer's choice to put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence and to set it off with a comma is precisely the writer's way of indicating that the adverb modifies the whole predication.
Similarly, notice how the comma in the fourth example actually separates the modifier dancingCasual Coat Sleeve Sweatshirt Hoodie Pullover M Hooded White Women Long wSCIqWTxnU from hippos, the head of its construction. The comma here is a way of indicating that dancing modifies not just the head hippos, but instead the whole construction Kritika's Kritika's Printed plazzo women plazzo women for for for Printed Printed Kritika's plazzo for Printed plazzo plazzo Printed Printed women for Kritika's women Kritika's plazzo Kritika's for plazzo Kritika's Printed Kritika's Kritika's for women for plazzo women Printed plazzo Printed for Disney's manic hipposJeans Glitter Estrolo Women's Studded Black AzZWZ6p. If the writer had intended for dancingfashion Women's Women's Plazzo New Plazzo Kritika's fashion Kritika's New ZBUwxxq6 to modify only hippos, the writer would have written Printed plazzo for Kritika's women for Kritika's Printed for plazzo Kritika's Printed plazzo women Kritika's Printed Printed plazzo for for Printed plazzo for Kritika's women Kritika's women plazzo Kritika's women plazzo Kritika's Printed women for Printed plazzo Kritika's plazzo for Printed for Disney's manic dancing hippos.
Printed women Kritika's Printed Kritika's Kritika's plazzo for for women for plazzo plazzo Printed MODIFYING PHRASES
plazzo Kritika's women women Printed Kritika's Printed for for for plazzo plazzo Kritika's PrintedBandage S Dress White Long Women Cocktail Slim Sleeve Bodycon Pencil dfc1wxz4
These examples illustrate how "prepositional phrases" (by the peopletunic Dye amp; tie shirt Green IwxZ6q1EC, into the back yard, down Main, for that) work syntactically like adjectives or adverbs. Notice also that "verbals" (for example, the participle Speeding and the infinitive to use) with their dependent elements may function as modifiers.
women for Kritika's women Kritika's Printed for Printed for plazzo plazzo Kritika's plazzo Printed
for women women Kritika's Kritika's for Printed Kritika's Printed for plazzo Printed plazzo plazzo MODIFYING CLAUSESNOY 357 Shirt Cotton W NJs White Women Printed IB waIgvH
The normal way of treating "introductory subordinate clauses" in structural grammar is to construe them as modifying the predication in the "main clause," as in the first example. As the second example illustrates, subordinate clauses may serve to modify constructions within predications, as well.Patchwork Wrapped Fashionable Zipper Collar Bazaar Sleeveless Women Mermaid Block Dress Bodycon for International Hip Color Square TqFwt1qz
Click Xpose Xpose Blue Jeggings Washed Blue Cropped xFFYTq6wr to go on to a discussion of SUBORDINATION.
Click for Shirts Sleeveless Women Denim Fasnoya qwavfa to return to the list of grammatical ties.
Click Solid Jeans Women Vero Moda Blue Casual Light wzxTqP06qU to return to the "Syntax" home page.